Biodegradable Mulch Films in Agriculture - A view on Soil protection and Environmental Impact
It's a well known fact that missions to decrease the utilization of plastics have expanded throughout the most recent years, accordingly making in the population an awareness that didn't exist before. Numerous ecological gatherings call attention to that the acknowledgment of plastics is decreasing significantly more, predominantly because of the difficulty to build up boundless recovery and recycling programs for plastics as well as its failure to biodegrade over time.
Commercially, plastic may take about 1,000 years to decay, which is why many people and companies have decided to reduce its use or purchase products that do not contain plastic. In the case of agricultural plastics, is there a solution?
In the field of agriculture, the use of plastic films, for example for mulching, is as important as soil and water used for planting. The advantages of mulching plastics include, but are not limited to, avoiding the spread of weeds, preserving soil moisture and maintaining the soil structure.
In this context, some laboratories have succeeded to produce films that,in spite of being made of polymers, have the durability of biodegradable and compostable plastics, thus leading to a reduction in environmental effects.
Traditionally, these mulching films are made from petroleum-based plastics that are not biodegradable and after being used on-field it is very difficult to remove them from the planting area and then reuse them.
In this way, one of the beneficial features of biodegradable films is that they break down due to a number of external causes such as the frequency of temperature, humidity and also pH structure of the soil, which ensures that farmers only have to plough plastics on the field after the season so that the degradation process is quickened.
The foremost significant highlights of biodegradable films include
- After use, they produce no hazardous waste.
- Their installation is standard operating procedure and no special equipment is necessary.
- They don’t contain heavy metals.
‘Biodegradable polymers’ for environmental sustainability and economic development -
Bio-based polymers have become workable alternatives to conventional petroleum-based plastics. In recent years , interest in biodegradable materials has grown considerably for use in packaging , agriculture, medicine, and other fields. Polymers form the backbones of plastic materials, which are constantly used in an growing environment.
As a result, many researchers are spending time in the redesign of existing materials to make them more user-friendly, and in the production of modern polymer composites from natural materials. Thus, BioGreen™ produces Biodegradable Mulch Films made from a versatile and high-performance biopolymer called ecovio®; which promotes sustainable agriculture in a world of-food demands through soil protection and the crop yields.
Biodegradable Mulch films has the potential to be a feasible innovation on the off chance that it
- Gives benefits equal to PE (Polyethylene Film) mulch.
- Diminishes labor costs for removal and disposal.
- Completely biodegradable.
- Doesn't affect the soil quality or the environment.
Forward thinking farmers use BioGreen™ biodegradable mulch to maximize their production and save time and money.
Future of Biodegradable Mulch Films
Of course, every year, producers change and improve their products. Subsequently, the types of the biodegradable mulches that we used in 2010 could be different nowadays. Integrating the know-how of producers through study by agronomists, soil chemists and microbiologists would further develop this field of study and potentially establish safe biodegradable mulch films.
Further field-based experiments are also required to determine the ecosystem-wide impacts of biodegradable mulches. Concerns are the long-term consequences of thin, film fragments that can remain in the soil, or possible reactions between different agrochemicals and mulch fragments.
Biodegradable BioGreen™ mulch is the most inexpensive, least labour-intensive and most successful way to control weeds, thereby increasing yield. It offers outstanding soil consistency during the growing season, rendering it an important physical barrier to weeds.
BioGreen™ mulch is biodegradable within the soil. Producers avoid the unpleasant task of collecting and disposing of old soiled plastics after the harvest. They can focus all their efforts on what they do best-growing beautiful fruits, veggies or quality natural oils!
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